THE KEY TO A HEALTHY AQUARIUM
For anyone who has ever owned or wants to own an Aquarium knows that it is not as simple as placing some beautiful fish and tank accessories in water with a pump. It is actually quite a technical feat to get right.
You could still be experiencing a loss of fish and coral life. This could be the result of various toxins not being managed effectively.
Understanding The Nitrogen Cycle is the first step in maintaining a healthy aquarium. This process provides a biological filtration process to deplete the negative effects of the toxins that occurs in an aquarium.
The Toxins are a result of Fish themselves breathing out a tiny amounts of toxic ammonia as well as the decay of waste products, along with any dead organisms or uneaten food. The resultant chemical is Ammonia and even at low levels tends to burn the gills of fish and choke off their oxygen supply.
Healthy Bacteria called Nitrosamines consume the ammonia creating a byproduct called Nitrite. Although nitrite is toxic (preventing blood from carrying oxygen), fish can withstand approximately twice the amount of Nitrite in their water compared to ammonia.
Other Bacterium, Nitrobacteria consumes the Nitrite and releases a less toxic chemical Nitrate. Nitrate requires anaerobic conditions to turn it into harmless nitrogen gas. In your tank large amounts of algae may be the tell-tale sign that there is an abundance of Nitrate. In a healthy aquarium the Nitrate will not be removed naturally and water changes and chemical aids will be necessary to keep nitrate low.
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